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Treasury Offset Program

Frequently Asked Questions from States as Debtors

The questions on this web page are about overdue debts that states owe to the federal government. To understand how state agencies work with the Treasury Offset Program (TOP) to collect debts that people and businesses owe to them, see State Programs. To understand more about TOP, see How TOP Works.

General questions about debts states owe to the federal government

Examples of debts states might owe the federal government include (but are not limited to) grant overpayments, loans, overpayments on projects, and debts owed to Medicare.

Questions about how reduced payments come to the states

These questions and answers relate to a service called Fedwire.

Last modified 09/30/20