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Financial Report of the United States Government

Financial Statements of the United States Government for the Fiscal Years Ended September 30, 2018, and 2017

Statements of Social Insurance and Changes in Social Insurance Amounts

The Statements of Social Insurance provide estimates of the status of the most significant social insurance programs: Social Security, Medicare, Railroad Retirement, and Black Lung2. They are administered by SSA, HHS, the Railroad Retirement Board (RRB), and DOL, respectively. The SSA and HHS projections are based on the economic and demographic assumptions representing the Trustees’ reasonable estimates of likely future economic and demographic conditions, as set forth in the applicable Social Security and Medicare Trustees’ reports as well as in the agency financial reports of HHS and SSA. RRB’s projections are based on assumptions from the 27th Valuation on the Assets and Liabilities Under the Railroad Retirement Acts of December 31, 2016 with Technical Supplement, which was published in September 2018, as well as in RRB’s performance and accountability report. DOL’s (Black Lung) projections are based on assumptions included in its agency financial report. The SOSI projections, with one exception related to Medicare Part A and OASDI, are based on current law; that is, they assume that scheduled social insurance benefit payments would continue after related trust funds are projected to be depleted, contrary to current law. By law, once assets are depleted, expenditures cannot be made except to the extent covered by ongoing tax receipts and other trust fund income.

Note 22—Social Insurance describes the social insurance programs, reports long-range estimates that can be used to assess the financial condition of the programs, and explains some of the factors that impact the various programs. The Statements of Changes in Social Insurance Amounts show two reconciliations: (1) change from the period beginning on January 1, 2017 to the period beginning on January 1, 2018; and (2) change from the period beginning on January 1, 2016 to the period beginning on January 1, 2017.

2 In relation to the amounts presented in the Statements of Social Insurance and Changes in Social Insurance Amounts, the combined Railroad Retirement and Black Lung programs account for less than a quarter of one percent of the statement totals, and therefore, are not material from the consolidated perspective.

United States Government Statements of Social Insurance

United States Government
Statements of Social Insurance (Note 22)
Present Value of Long-Range (75 Years, except Black Lung) Actuarial Projections

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(In trillions of dollars) 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
 
Federal Old-age, Survivors and Disability Insurance (Social Security):11
Revenue (Contributions and Dedicated Taxes) from:
Participants who have attained eligibility age (age 62 and over) 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.0
Participants who have not attained eligibility age 31.8 30.3 29.3 27.8 25.4
Future participants 31.8 30.5 29.7 26.6 24.6
All current and future participants 65.1 62.1 60.3 55.5 51.0
Expenditures for Scheduled Future Benefits for:
Participants who have attained eligibility age (age 62 and over) (15.9) (14.7) (13.6) (12.8) (11.9)
Participants who have not attained eligibility age (52.2) (50.2) (48.4) (45.3) (42.4)
Future participants (13.0) (12.6) (12.4) (10.9) (10.0)
All current and future participants (81.1) (77.5) (74.4) (69.0) (64.3)
Present value of future expenditures in excess of future revenue (16.1)1 (15.4)2 (14.1)3 (13.4)4 (13.3)5
 
Federal Hospital Insurance (Medicare Part A):11
Revenue (Contributions and Dedicated Taxes) from:
Participants who have attained eligibility age (age 65 and over) 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.3
Participants who have not attained eligibility age 11.3 10.7 10.3 9.1 8.4
Future participants 11.0 10.6 10.0 8.4 7.8
All current and future participants 22.8 21.7 20.7 17.9 16.5
Expenditures for Scheduled Future Benefits for:
Participants who have attained eligibility age (age 65 and over) (5.0) (4.5) (4.3) (3.8) (3.5)
Participants who have not attained eligibility age (18.6) (17.2) (16.8) (14.5) (14.1)
Future participants (3.9) (3.5) (3.4) (2.8) (2.8)
All current and future participants (27.5) (25.3) (24.5) (21.1) (20.4)
Present value of future expenditures in excess of future revenue (4.7)1 (3.5)2 (3.8)3 (3.2)4 (3.8)5
 
Federal Supplementary Medical Insurance (Medicare Part B):11
Revenue (Premiums) from:
Participants who have attained eligibility age (age 65 and over) 1.3 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.8
Participants who have not attained eligibility age 6.6 5.9 5.3 4.6 4.5
Future participants 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.0 1.1
All current and future participants 9.4 8.4 7.5 6.5 6.5
Expenditures for Scheduled Future Benefits for:
Participants who have attained eligibility age (age 65 and over) (5.2) (4.5) (4.0) (3.6) (3.2)
Participants who have not attained eligibility age (23.8) (21.4) (19.2) (16.8) (17.0)
Future participants (5.4) (4.9) (4.3) (3.5) (4.1)
All current and future participants (34.4) (30.8) (27.5) (24.0) (24.3)
Present value of future expenditures in excess of future revenue 6 (25.0)1 (22.4)2 (20.0)3 (17.5)4 (17.9)5

Totals may not equal the sum of components due to rounding.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

United States Government
Statements of Social Insurance (Note 22), continued
Present Value of Long-Range (75 Years, except Black Lung) Actuarial Projections

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(In trillions of dollars) 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
 
Federal Supplementary Medical Insurance (Medicare Part D): 11
Revenue (Premiums and State Transfers) from:
Participants who have attained eligibility age (age 65 and over) 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2
Participants who have not attained eligibility age 2.1 2.0 2.2 1.8 1.6
Future participants 0.8 0.8 1.0 0.8 0.7
All current and future participants 3.2 3.1 3.5 2.9 2.5
Expenditures for Scheduled Future Benefits for:
Participants who have attained eligibility age (age 65 and over) (1.0) (1.0) (1.0) (0.9) (0.8)
Participants who have not attained eligibility age (7.2) (6.9) (7.7) (6.4) (5.9)
Future participants (2.9) (2.9) (3.6) (2.8) (2.6)
All current and future participants (11.1) (10.8) (12.2) (10.2) (9.3)
Present value of future expenditures in excess of future revenue 6 (7.9)1 (7.6)2 (8.7)3 (7.3)4 (6.8)5
 
Other:7
Present value of future expenditures in excess of future revenues 8, 9, 10 (0.1) (0.1) (0.1) (0.1) (0.1)
 
Total present value of future expenditures in excess of future revenue (53.8) (49.0) (46.7) (41.5) (41.9)
Totals may not equal the sum of components due to rounding.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

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United States Government
Statements of Social Insurance (Note 22), continued
Present Value of Long-Range (75 Years, except Black Lung) Actuarial Projections
(In trillions of dollars) 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
 
Social Insurance Summary:11
Participants who have attained eligibility age:
Revenue (e.g., contributions and dedicated taxes) 3.6 3.3 3.1 2.8 2.3
Expenditures for scheduled future benefits (27.1) (24.7) (22.9) (21.3) (19.4)
Present value of future expenditures in excess of future revenue (23.5) (21.4) (19.8) (18.5) (17.1)
Participants who have not attained eligibility age:
Revenue (e.g., contributions and dedicated taxes) 51.8 48.9 47.1 43.4 40.0
Expenditures for scheduled future benefits (101.8) (95.7) (92.2) (83.1) (79.6)
Present value of future expenditures in excess of future revenue (50.0) (46.8) (45.1) (39.7) (39.6)
 
Closed-group - Total present value of future expenditures in excess of future revenue (73.5) (68.2) (64.9) (58.2) (56.7)
 
Future Participants:
Revenue (e.g., contributions and dedicated taxes) 45.1 43.3 41.9 36.8 34.3
Expenditures for scheduled future benefits (25.2) (24.0) (23.7) (20.1) (19.6)
Present value of future revenue in excess of future expenditure 19.9 19.3 18.2 16.8 14.8
 
Open-group - Total present value of future expenditures in excess of future revenue (53.8) (49.0) (46.7) (41.5) (41.9)
1 The projection period for Social Security and Medicare is 1/1/2018-12/31/2092 and the valuation date is 1/1/2018.
2 The projection period for Social Security and Medicare is 1/1/2017-12/31/2091 and the valuation date is 1/1/2017.
3 The projection period for Social Security and Medicare is 1/1/2016-12/31/2090 and the valuation date is 1/1/2016.
4 The projection period for Social Security and Medicare is 1/1/2015-12/31/2089 and the valuation date is 1/1/2015.
5 The projection period for Social Security and Medicare is 1/1/2014-12/31/2088 and the valuation date is 1/1/2014.
6 These amounts represent the present value of the future transfers from the General Fund to the SMI Trust Fund. These future intragovernmental transfers are included as income in both HHS’ and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services’ Financial Reports but, by accounting convention, are not income from the governmentwide perspective of this report.
7 Includes Railroad Retirement and Black Lung.
8 These amounts do not include the present value of the financial interchange between the railroad retirement and social security systems, which is included as income in the Railroad Retirement Financial Report, but is not included from the governmentwide perspective of this report. (See discussion of Railroad Retirement Program in the unaudited required supplementary information section of this report).
9 Does not include interest expense accruing on the outstanding debt of the Black Lung Disability Trust Fund.
10 For information on the projection periods and valuation dates for the Railroad Retirement and Black Lung programs, refer to the financial statements of RRB and DOL, respectively.
11 Current participants for the Social Security and Medicare programs are assumed to be the “closed-group” of individuals who are at least 15 years of age at the start of the projection period, and are participating as either taxpayers, beneficiaries, or both.
Totals may not equal the sum of components due to rounding.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.
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Last modified 08/27/19