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DATA Act Information Model Schema (DAIMS)

For DAIMS users: This is the current version, 2.0.

Version 2.0 of the DAIMS released May 6, 2020 includes the data standard conceptual model, specifications, and schema management. This release is necessary to support agency tracking and reporting of COVID-19 supplemental spending as required by the CARES Act and OMB Implementation Guidance for Supplemental Funding Provided in Response to the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19).

The implementation of DAIMS changes supporting COVID-19 reporting will apply in two phases:

In phase 1, changes are implemented to support COVID-19 reporting requirements starting with Fiscal Year 2020 Period 09 DATA Act Broker Submission (DABS) reporting:

  • Adds Disaster Emergency Fund Code data element to Files B and File C
  • Supports Monthly reporting: agencies with COVID-19 funds will report all TAS on a monthly basis, beginning in July. In order to correctly capture spending for Q3, agencies' submission in July will consist of three sets of monthly files: April, May, and June for Files A-C. There will no longer be quarterly data submissions for these agencies. Also, there will be no monthly certification in this initial phase, but agencies will be required to attest that they meet the reporting requirements under the DATA Act and OMB M-20-21, and that the reported data was produced following the agency's normal practices and procedures.
  • Supports quarterly certification: those agencies who report monthly will be required to certify quarterly, on the same 45-day schedule with the rest of the non-COVID agencies. For example, Q3 data would be certified in mid-August.

In phase 2, changes are implemented to support OMB's goal to strengthen the connection across budget, spending, award, performance information, and other results displayed on USASpending.gov, support Federal programs as they coordinate across agencies, and help identify opportunities for improved coordination across Federal programs and activities starting with Fiscal Year 2021:

  • Requires all agencies to provide Program Activity in File C

A future DAIMS release will clarify the exact requirements, practices and procedures (including timing) to implement OMB M-20-21's requirement that all agencies begin reporting monthly DATA Act submissions including outlays for all awards in File C in FY22 Q1.

The DAIMS architecture is designed to meet the needs of the business users and technical systems. It serves as the foundation for the DAIMS data standards. It is extensible through domain, component, element, and metadata. Additional descriptive content on the DAIMS architecture will be released as necessary.

DAIMS Version 2.0 implemented on July 13, 2020.

On this page

DAIMS Technical Architecture

The DATA Act Information Model Schema (DAIMS) is the authoritative source for the terms, definitions, formats, and structures for hundreds of distinct data elements that tell the story of how federal dollars are spent.

DAIMS gives federal agencies guidance about what data to report to Treasury, where to get that data, and how to submit it.

To learn more:

  • DAIMS Overview  – What DAIMS is, its scope, value, and approach
  • DAIMS Architecture  – The DAIMS conceptual model including a visual showing how domains, components, elements, and metadata go together in DAIMS
  • DAIMS Information Flow  – A technical flowchart showing how data comes into, flows through, and is reported out, including how often that happens and where the data come from.

DAIMS Documents for Federal Agency Staff

Practices and Procedures

  • How to submit, validate, and understand submitting to the DATA Act Broker

Reporting Submission Specification (RSS)

  • An Excel spreadsheet that lists data elements, provides metadata, and gives federal agency staff instructions on how to submit content in the appropriate file format.

Interface Definition Document (IDD)

  • An Excel spreadsheet that lists data elements, supporting metadata and explains what financial assistance data elements are pulled from government-wide procurement, sub-award systems, and from the DATA Act Broker (by way of FABS).

Validation Rules

  • An Excel spreadsheet that documents the business rules the DATA Act Broker uses for field and cross-file validations.

Examples of Submission Files - .csv files showing the format of agency submission files

DAIMS Documents for Data Analysts

These PDF files show the data model relationships for RSS and IDD files.

DAIMS XBRL Schema

  • A machine-readable version of the data standards that includes accounting-related and award-related content.

Quarterly data since 2017 in XBRL format

These zip files contain financial data in XBRL format for each fiscal quarter since Q2 2017.

Table may scroll on smaller screens

Fiscal
Year
Quarter Date
Range
Zipped
XBRL Data
2020 Q2 January to March 2020 2020Q2
2020 Q1 October to December 2019 2020Q1
2019 Q4 July to September 2019 2019Q4
2019 Q3 April to June 2019 2019Q3
2019 Q2 January to March 2019 2019Q2
2019 Q1 October to December 2018 2019Q1
2018 Q4 July to September 2018 2018Q4
2018 Q3 April to June 2018 2018Q3
2018 Q2 January to March 2018 2018Q2
2018 Q1 October to December 2017 2018Q1
2017 Q4 July to September 2017 2017Q4
2017 Q3 April to June 2017 2017Q3
2017 Q2 January to March 2017 2017Q2

DAIMS Documents for users of USAspending.gov

Online Data Dictionary

  • A link to the USAspending.gov online data dictionary with a full list of data elements with a definition for each element and some associated metadata.

Consumption-Focused Metadata (CFM)

  • An Excel file with a list of data elements, definitions, and supporting metadata showing how submission and outlay data is compiled.

Consumption Focused File Diagram

  • A PDF file diagram showing the data model for data sources of the USAspending.gov website.

History of DAIMS releases since 2016

Each of these zip files contains

  • the data model structure and logical grouping of financial data elements in XBRL format
  • key DAIMS documents (RSS, IDD, sample files, file diagrams, flow diagram, validation rules, architecture document, and architecture overview)

Table may scroll on smaller screens

Schema
Version
Release
Date
Implementation
Date
Zipped
XBRL Schema
Zipped DAIMS
Documents
2.0 May 6, 2020 Jul 13, 2020 Schema v2.0 zip DAIMS v2 .0 zip
1.4 Sep 27, 2019 May 18, 2020 Schema v1.4 zip DAIMS v1.4 zip
1.3.1 Feb 8, 2019 Various 2019 Schema v1.3.1 zip DAIMS v1.3.1 zip
1.3 Jun 29, 2018 Various 2019 Schema v1.3 zip DAIMS v1.3 zip
1.2 Dec 22, 2017 May 18, 2018 Schema v1.2 zip DAIMS v1.2 zip
1.1 Jun 30, 2017 Sep 27, 2017 Schema 1.1 zip DAIMS v1.1 zip
1.0 Apr 29, 2016 Apr 1, 2017 Schema 1.0 zip DAIMS v1.0 zip

Last modified 07/14/20